|To serve as a list of sources for background on a more general topic.
|Informs the reader of the researcher's knowledge of the relevant research already conducted on the topic under discussion, and places the author's current study in context of previous studies. Makes a case for further investigation and highlights research gaps.
|Sources are presented in an alphabetical list of APA citations. Each citation is accompanied by a brief summary of the article as well as an explanation of why it is credible and/or relevant to the topic.
|Presented as a prose document arranged into paragraphs. Items are not listed but incorporated into the body of the paper and may be listed more than once. A summary of the overall background is presented at the end.