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Nursing: Grey Literature

A guide for students in the CSUF Nursing program.

What is Grey Literature?

Grey literature is "Information produced on all levels of government, academics, business and industry in electronic and print formats not controlled by commercial publishing i.e. where publishing is not the primary activity of the producing body."

- As defined by the Grey Literature Network Service, 2004


Simply put, Grey Literature consists of materials that are unpublished or have been published outside of the typical commercial or academic publishing environment


It is often more difficult to find and obtain than the published literature, and may include such things as conference procedings, policy studies and reports, white papers, annual reports, draft legislation, think-tank reports. 

Tips for finding Grey Literature

  • Search the Gray Literature gateways listed on this page
  • Search the corporation, institution, or agency that is most likely to produce the type of information you are looking for.
  • When searching, consider keywords such as: report, "proceedings," "think tank," "white paper." "policy," "statistics," etc...
  • Consult with a librarian who specializes in your subject.

Where to look for Grey Literature