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Education: APA

A portal to resources for research in education. This guide is primarily intended for graduate students in the College of Education.

APA Citation

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (2010) is the authority used by writers in the social sciences and some natural sciences.
Cover of the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual

Unofficial: CSUF APA Citation Style (PDF) provides a two-page overview of some of the most common citation needs for both the in-text parenthetical documentation and the reference list

Official: APA Frequently Asked Questions and APA Style Help provide a few official examples and additional support from the APA.  For the most comprehensive coverage of APA style, including citation rules, please remember to consult the print APA publication manual.  Copies are kept at the Reference Desk for in-library use.

Also Available Online:
OWL (Online Writing Lab) at Purdue University. Purdue University's OWL is an excellent source to use for any citation style, inlcuding APA.

Diane Hacker Research and Documentation see Social Sciences for the APA style


Researchers in the field of Education typically format their papers and cite their sources using rules found in The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (2009).  The Pollak Library has created a quick reference guide (see Pollak Library Undergraduate Guide to APA below) but, as a graduate student, you'll probably need to consult the manual.  We have copies of the manual behind the reference desk that you can use while you're in the library.

What is a DOI?

A DOI is a Digital Object Identifier.  It is a unique set of letters and numbers for a specific article. The DOI identifies the article and also provides a persistent link to its location on the Internet. 

For example:

Jackson, Y., Kim, K. L., & Delap, C. (2007). Mediators of control beliefs, stressful life events, and adaptive behavior in school age children: The role of appraisal and social support. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 20(2),147-160.      doi:10.1002/jts.20192

Click on the tutorial link below to watch a short screencast describing DOIs and where to find them.

If the DOI is available, it is required as part of the citation for a print or electronic articles, according to The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (2009). If the DOI is not available and a researcher has cited a journal article that has been retrieved electronically, the researcher must add the url of the journal's homepage to the citation. 

Valentino, N. A. (1999). Crime news and the priming of racial attitudes during evaluations of the president. Public Opinion Quarterly, 63(3), 293-320. Retrieved from

Of course, there are some exceptions to this rule and it may be best to consult your copy of the APA Manual or ask to borrow one from the Reference Desk.

Would you like more information about DOIs?

Here is a link to the APA's Frequently Asked Questions page on the DOI

EndNote Web Login

EndNote LogoEndNote Web is a web-based Bibliographic Management Software that enables you to collect and manage references to books, articles, and many other types of materials. Since it is web based, all CSUF students/faculty/staff can access EndNote on-campus, or off-campus through the campus portal.

EndNote web can help you:

  • Import references from library databases.
  • Organize references in folders for access and use at any time
  • Create formatted reference lists in a variety of publishing styles, including APA and MLA.

Here's a Quick Guide for College of Education students and faculty.

Please see the Library's EndNote Web Help Page for more information on how to use this tool.

EndNote Web is replacing RefWorks.  The Library will stop providing access to RefWorks at the end of September 2011.  Please see the widget below for information on how to export RefWorks records to EndNote Web.

APA Style on Social Media

Follow APA Style on social media. Citation questions posted to the APA Style Facebook page are quickly answered by APA Style experts. Check it out!

APA Style