Educational Leadership: Masters in Higher Education (MSHE): APA

This guide was created for graduate students in the MSHE program.

APA Citation

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (2010) is the authority used by writers in the social sciences and some natural sciences.
Cover of the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual

Unofficial: CSUF APA Citation Style (PDF) provides a two-page overview of some of the most common citation needs for both the in-text parenthetical documentation and the reference list

Official: APA Frequently Asked Questions and APA Style Help provide a few official examples and additional support from the APA.  For the most comprehensive coverage of APA style, including citation rules, please remember to consult the print APA publication manual.  Copies are kept at the Reference Desk for in-library use.

Also Available Online: OWL (Online Writing Lab) at Purdue University. Purdue University's OWL is an excellent resource to use to look up any citation style, including APA.

Using Cite Tools & Crossref for APA Reference Citations

APA Style on Social Media

Follow APA Style on social media. Citation questions posted to the APA Style Facebook page are quickly answered by APA Style experts. Check it out!

APA Style





APA In-text Citations "Cheat Sheet"

Examples of Citation Tools in Various Databases

What is a DOI?

"A digital object identifier (DOI) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency (the International DOI Foundation) to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the Internet" (APA, click here for more on DOIs).CrossRef's citation-linking network covers over 75 million journal articles and other scholarly content, and includes a free DOI look up tool