EDEL 511: Annotated Bibliographies & Literature Reviews

This research guide was created to support students in EDEL 511.

Sample Annotation

sample annotation

Annotated bibliographies

An annotated bibliography is list of references sources (scholarly articles, books, websites, reports, etc.) on a topic or research area that contains a summary and evaluation for each listed document.

The “annotation” part pertains to the write-up produced for each source.

One approach is to use the APA empirical research article format as a tool to evaluate an article's content. Scholarly articles that present original research (empirical) will have the following structure:

Introduction (literature review)
Methodology (research method used)
Results (data analysis, statistics)
Discussion (significance of the study)
References (list of sources used)

Web Resources for Writing Literature Reviews

Below are links to resources for writing literature reviews. Hover the links to read a description of the resource. 

Writing the Literature Review

Both videos are HIGHLY RECOMMENDED! Concise and straight-forward information is presented on how to approach writing a literature review. 

Writing a Starting Research Question

Writing out a research question can be effective in targeting your research scope and concepts. A good research question will contain Who, What, Where, When, How elements, as well as seek to find relationships between your research variables/concepts.

 For example:

What factors contribute to the persistence and academic achievement of Latino graduate students?

Now you have at least three key terms with which to begin your initial search. Remember to use the Thesaurus to identify subject headings and related terms for each of your key terms to better target your research. 

From Question to Keywords

A Common Research Pathway

This common research pathway flowchart was created by April Cunningham and Hal Hannon, expert librarians. It illustrates a common trajectory many students face when undertaking a research project.